• CVR Energy Reports 2018 Second Quarter Results

    Source: Nasdaq GlobeNewswire / 25 Jul 2018 16:30:31   America/New_York

    SUGAR LAND, Texas, July 25, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- CVR Energy, Inc. (NYSE:CVI) today announced net income of $51 million, or 59 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $1,914 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to a net loss of $11 million, or 12 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $1,434 million for the 2017 second quarter. Second quarter 2018 adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $103 million, compared to second quarter 2017 adjusted EBITDA of $38 million.

    For the first six months of 2018, net income was $117 million, or $1.35 per diluted share, on net sales of $3,451 million, compared to net income of $12 million, or 13 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $2,942 million for the same period a year earlier. Adjusted EBITDA for the first six months of 2018 was $189 million, compared to adjusted EBITDA of $118 million for the first six months of 2017.

    “CVR Refining reported solid results for the 2018 second quarter, attributable to a $4.88 increase in Group 3 crack spreads, low Renewable Identification Number (RIN) prices and wide crude oil differentials compared to the same period last year,” said Dave Lamp, CVR Energy’s Chief Executive Officer. “CVR Refining is off to a good start in the third quarter. While crack spreads have moderated in July, crude oil differentials are strong and RIN prices remain low.

    “CVR Partners’ second quarter 2018 production levels were negatively impacted by both planned and unplanned downtime at the Coffeyville, Kansas, and East Dubuque, Illinois, fertilizer facilities,” Lamp said. “Looking toward the third quarter, the fall fill season for ammonia and UAN is now complete and market pricing was approximately 20 percent higher than last season.

    “CVR Energy announced on May 29 that it had increased its dividend to $3 per share on an annual basis due to its strong balance sheet and operating performance. CVR Energy also announced the commencement of an exchange offer of CVR Energy shares for CVR Refining units. CVR Energy believes that, in light of recent tax reform, many unitholders would prefer to hold their investment in the form of common stock rather than partnership interests. In addition, the exchange offer will allow CVR Energy to increase its ownership in CVR Refining,” Lamp concluded.

    Petroleum Business

    The petroleum business, which is operated by CVR Refining and includes the Coffeyville and Wynnewood refineries, reported second quarter 2018 operating income of $117 million on net sales of $1,824 million, compared to an operating loss of $7 million on net sales of $1,338 million in the second quarter of 2017.

    Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact per combined total throughput, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $12.61 in the 2018 second quarter, compared to $7.21 during the same period in 2017. Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization), excluding major scheduled turnaround expenses, per combined total throughput, for the 2018 second quarter were $4.76, compared to $4.13 in the second quarter of 2017.

    Second quarter 2018 combined crude oil throughput was approximately 206,000 barrels per day (bpd), compared to approximately 214,000 bpd of combined crude oil throughput for the second quarter of 2017.

    Nitrogen Fertilizers Business

    The fertilizer business, which is operated by CVR Partners and includes the Coffeyville and East Dubuque fertilizer facilities, reported no operating income on net sales of $93 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to operating income of $12 million on net sales of $98 million for the second quarter of 2017.

    CVR Partners’ fertilizer facilities produced a combined 174,000 tons of ammonia during the second quarter of 2018, of which 66,000 net tons were available for sale while the rest was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 241,000 tons of UAN. In the 2017 second quarter, the fertilizer facilities produced 215,000 tons of ammonia, of which 78,000 net tons were available for sale while the remainder was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 314,000 tons of UAN.

    Cash, Debt and Dividend

    Consolidated cash and cash equivalents was $534 million at June 30, 2018. Consolidated total debt was $1,167 million at June 30, 2018. The company had no debt exclusive of CVR Refining’s and CVR Partners’ debt.

    CVR Energy previously announced a second quarter 2018 cash dividend of 75 cents per share. The dividend, as declared by CVR Energy’s Board of Directors, will be paid on Aug. 13, 2018, to stockholders of record on Aug. 6, 2018. CVR Energy’s second quarter cash dividend brings the cumulative cash dividends paid or declared for the first six months of 2018 to $1.25 per share.

    Today, CVR Refining announced a 2018 second quarter cash distribution of 66 cents per common unit. CVR Partners announced that it will not pay a cash distribution for the 2018 second quarter.

    Second Quarter 2018 Earnings Conference Call

    CVR Energy previously announced that it will host its second quarter 2018 Earnings Conference Call for analysts and investors on Thursday, July 26, at 3 p.m. Eastern. The Earnings Conference Call may also include discussion of company developments, forward-looking information and other material information about business and financial matters.

    The Earnings Conference Call will be broadcast live over the Internet at http://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/wrsh27n7. For investors or analysts who want to participate during the call, the dial-in number is (877) 407-8291.

    For those unable to listen live, the webcast will be archived and available for 14 days at http://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/wrsh27n7. A repeat of the conference call can be accessed by dialing (877) 660-6853, conference ID 13681419.

    THIS NEWS RELEASE DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFER TO PURCHASE, OR A SOLICITATION OF AN OFFER TO SELL, ANY SECURITIES. THE EXCHANGE OFFER OF CVR REFINING COMMON UNITS FOR CVR ENERGY SHARES IS BEING MADE ONLY PURSUANT TO A PROSPECTUS/OFFER TO EXCHANGE, LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL AND RELATED MATERIALS DISTRIBUTED TO CVR REFINING’S UNITHOLDERS. CVR ENERGY FILED A REGISTRATION STATEMENT ON FORM S-4 AND A TENDER OFFER STATEMENT ON SCHEDULE TO WITH THE SEC, EACH OF WHICH INCLUDES THE PROSPECTUS/OFFER TO EXCHANGE. CVR REFINING’S UNITHOLDERS SHOULD READ THESE MATERIALS AND THE DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE THEREIN CAREFULLY AND IN THEIR ENTIRETY BEFORE MAKING ANY DECISION WITH RESPECT TO THE EXCHANGE OFFER. THESE MATERIALS CAN ALSO BE OBTAINED FREE OF CHARGE FROM THE SEC’S WEBSITE AT WWW.SEC.GOV.

    Pursuant to the partnership agreement of CVR Refining, once the general partner and its affiliates own more than 80% of the common units of CVR Refining, the general partner and its affiliates will have the right, but not the obligation, to purchase all, but not less than all, of the common units of CVR Refining held by unaffiliated unitholders of CVR Refining at a price not less than their then-current market price, as calculated pursuant to the terms of the partnership agreement. Accordingly, the general partner and its affiliates will be entitled to exercise this call right after the consummation of the exchange offer. Pursuant to the partnership agreement, the general partner is not obligated to obtain a fairness opinion regarding the value of the common units of CVR Refining to be repurchased by it upon exercise of the call right. Pursuant to the partnership agreement, the general partner may use its own discretion, free of fiduciary duty restrictions, in determining whether to exercise the call right. The general partner and its affiliates (including CVR Energy and Icahn Enterprises L.P. and its affiliates) have no current plans to exercise the call right at this time or upon the consummation of the exchange offer. However, there can be no assurance that the general partner and its affiliates will not exercise the call right in the future.

    Forward-Looking Statements
    This news release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Statements concerning current estimates, expectations and projections about future results, performance, prospects, opportunities, plans, actions and events and other statements, concerns, or matters that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements,” as that term is defined under the federal securities laws.  These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future: crude oil differentials; RINs, crude oil, feedstock and product prices; distributions of CVR Refining and CVR Partners; operating performance of CVR Refining and CVR Partners; reserves; ammonia and UAN pricing; third quarter performance including throughput, production, direct operating expenses, capital spending and depreciation; and other matters. You can generally identify forward-looking statements by our use of forward-looking terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “explore,” “evaluate,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “seek,” “should,” or “will,” or the negative thereof or other variations thereon or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. Investors are cautioned that various factors may affect these forward-looking statements, including (among others) price volatility of crude oil, other feedstocks and refined products; the ability of CVR Refining and CVR Partners to make cash distributions; potential operating hazards; costs of compliance with existing, or compliance with new, laws and regulations and potential liabilities arising therefrom; impacts of planting season on CVRR Partners; general economic and business conditions; and other risks. For additional discussion of risk factors which may affect our results, please see the risk factors and other disclosures included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, any subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and our other SEC filings. These risks also include the possibility that expected benefits from the exchange offer may not materialize as expected; that the exchange offer may not be timely completed, if at all; and that, prior to or after the completion of the exchange offer, the businesses of CVR Energy or CVR Refining may not perform as expected. These and other risks may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements included in this news release are made only as of the date hereof. CVR Energy disclaims any intention or obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

    About CVR Energy, Inc.
    Headquartered in Sugar Land, Texas, CVR Energy is a diversified holding company primarily engaged in the petroleum refining and nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing industries through its holdings in two limited partnerships, CVR Refining, LP and CVR Partners, LP. CVR Energy subsidiaries serve as the general partner and own 66 percent of the common units of CVR Refining and 34 percent of the common units of CVR Partners.

    For further information, please contact:

    Investor Contact:
    Jay Finks
    CVR Energy, Inc.
    (281) 207-3588
    InvestorRelations@CVREnergy.com
               
    Media Relations:
    Brandee Stephens
    CVR Energy, Inc.
    (281) 207-3516
    MediaRelations@CVREnergy.com

     
    CVR Energy, Inc.
     
    Financial and Operational Data (all information in this release is unaudited other than the balance sheet data as of December 31, 2017).
        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions, except per share data)
    Consolidated Statement of Operations Data:       
    Net sales$1,914  $1,434  $3,451  $2,942 
    Operating costs and expenses:       
    Cost of materials and other1,570  1,229  2,809  2,450 
    Direct operating expenses(1)141  124  273  262 
    Depreciation and amortization52  52  102  100 
    Cost of sales1,763  1,405  3,184  2,812 
    Selling, general and administrative expenses(1)32  25  55  55 
    Depreciation and amortization3  2  6  5 
    Loss on asset disposals5  1  5  1 
    Operating income111  1  201  69 
    Interest expense, net(27) (27) (53) (54)
    Gain on derivatives, net10    70  12 
    Other income, net2    3   
    Income (loss) before income tax expense96  (26) 221  27 
    Income tax expense (benefit)17  (7) 38  8 
    Net income (loss)79  (19) 183  19 
    Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest28  (8) 66  7 
    Net income (loss) attributable to CVR Energy stockholders$51  $(11) $117  $12 
            
    Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share$0.59  $(0.12) $1.35  $0.13 
    Dividends declared per share$0.75  $0.50  $1.25  $1.00 
            
    Adjusted EBITDA*$103  $38  $189  $118 
    Adjusted net income (loss)*$45  $(3) $79  $20 
    Adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share*$0.52  $(0.04) $0.91  $0.23 
            
    Weighted-average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted
    86.8  86.8  86.8  86.8 

    ______________________________
          * See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

    (1) Direct operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization, which amounts are presented separately below direct operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses.

        
     

     
    As of June 30, 2018 As of December 31, 2017
       (audited)
     (in millions)
    Balance Sheet Data:   
    Cash and cash equivalents$534 $482
    Working capital620 550
    Total assets3,850 3,807
    Total debt, including current portion1,167 1,166
    Total CVR stockholders’ equity883 919
        


     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Cash Flow Data:       
    Net cash flow provided by (used in):       
    Operating activities$204  $105  $229  $242 
    Investing activities(21) (33) (41) (59)
    Financing activities(69) (45) (136) (89)
    Net increase in cash and cash equivalents$114  $27  $52  $94 
                    

    Segment Information

    Our operations are organized into two reportable segments, Petroleum and Nitrogen Fertilizer. Our operations that are not included in the Petroleum and Nitrogen Fertilizer segments are included in the Corporate and Other segment (along with elimination of intersegment transactions). The Petroleum segment is operated by CVR Refining, LP (“CVR Refining”), in which we own a majority interest as well as serve as the general partner. The Petroleum segment includes the operations of the Coffeyville, Kansas and Wynnewood, Oklahoma refineries along with the crude oil gathering and pipeline systems. Detailed operating results for the Petroleum segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are included in CVR Refining’s press release dated July 25, 2018. The Nitrogen Fertilizer segment is operated by CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners”), in which we own approximately 34% of the common units as of June 30, 2018 and serve as the general partner. The Nitrogen Fertilizer segment consists of nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing facilities located in Coffeyville, Kansas and East Dubuque, Illinois. Detailed operating results for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are included in CVR Partners’ press release dated July 25, 2018.

            
     Petroleum
    (CVR Refining)
     Nitrogen Fertilizer 
    (CVR Partners)
     Corporate 
    and Other
     Consolidated
     (in millions)
    Three Months Ended June 30, 2018       
    Net sales$1,824  $93  $(3) $1,914 
    Cost of materials and other1,553  19  (2) 1,570 
    Direct operating expenses94  47    141 
    Selling, general and administrative22  7  3  32 
    Depreciation and amortization33  20  2  55 
    Loss on asset disposals5      5 
    Operating income (loss)$117  $  $(6) $111 
            
    Capital expenditures$16  $6  $  $22 
                    


     Petroleum
    (CVR Refining)
     Nitrogen Fertilizer 
    (CVR Partners)
     Corporate
    and Other
     Consolidated
     (in millions)
    Six Months Ended June 30, 2018       
    Net sales$3,282  $173  $(4) $3,451 
    Cost of materials and other2,771  42  (4) 2,809 
    Direct operating expenses187  86    273 
    Selling, general and administrative38  12  5  55 
    Depreciation and amortization67  37  4  108 
    Loss on asset disposals5      5 
    Operating income (loss)$214  $(4) $(9) $201 
            
    Capital expenditures$32  $9  $1  $42 
                    


     Petroleum
    (CVR Refining)
     Nitrogen Fertilizer 
    (CVR Partners)
     Corporate 
    and Other
     Consolidated
     (in millions)
    Three Months Ended June 30, 2017       
    Net sales$1,338  $98  $(2) $1,434 
    Cost of materials and other1,208  22  (2) 1,229 
    Direct operating expenses86  38    124 
    Selling, general and administrative19  6  1  25 
    Depreciation and amortization32  20  2  54 
    Loss on asset disposals    1  1 
    Operating income (loss)$(7) $12  $(4) $1 
            
    Capital expenditures$28  $4  $1  $33 
                    


     Petroleum
    (CVR Refining)
     Nitrogen Fertilizer 
    (CVR Partners)
     Corporate 
    and Other
     Consolidated
     (in millions)
    Six Months Ended June 30, 2017       
    Net sales$2,762  $183  $(3) $2,942 
    Cost of materials and other2,409  44  (3) 2,450 
    Direct operating expenses188  74    262 
    Selling, general and administrative40  12  3  55 
    Depreciation and amortization66  35  4  105 
    Loss on asset disposals    1  1 
    Operating income (loss)$59  $18  $(8) $69 
            
    Capital expenditures$48  $9  $1  $58 
                    


     Petroleum
    (CVR Refining)
     Nitrogen Fertilizer 
    (CVR Partners)
     Corporate 
    and Other
     Consolidated
     (in millions)
    June 30, 2018       
    Cash and cash equivalents$258  $28  $248  $534 
    Total assets2,366  1,200  284  3,850 
    Total debt, including current portion540  627    1,167 
            
    December 31, 2017       
    Cash and cash equivalents$174  $49  $259  $482 
    Total assets2,270  1,234  303  3,807 
    Total debt, including current portion541  626    1,166 
                

    Petroleum Segment Operating Data

    The following tables set forth information about our consolidated Petroleum segment operated by CVR Refining, of which we own a majority interest and serve as the general partner, and the Coffeyville and Wynnewood refineries. Reconciliations of certain non-GAAP financial measures are provided under “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below. Additional discussion of operating results for the Petroleum segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are included in CVR Refining’s press release dated July 25, 2018.

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Petroleum Segment Summary Financial Results:       
    Net sales$1,824  $1,338  $3,282  $2,762 
    Operating costs and expenses:       
    Cost of materials and other1,553  1,208  2,771  2,409 
    Direct operating expenses(1)94  86  187  188 
    Depreciation and amortization32  31  65  65 
    Cost of sales1,679  1,325  3,023  2,662 
    Selling, general and administrative expenses(1)22  19  38  40 
    Depreciation and amortization1  1  2  1 
    Loss on asset disposals5    5   
    Operating income (loss)117  (7) 214  59 
    Interest expense, net(11) (12) (22) (23)
    Gain on derivatives, net10    70  12 
    Other income, net2    3   
    Net income (loss)$118  $(19) $265  $48 
            
    Refining margin*$271  $130  $511  $353 
    Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact*$249  $146  $469  $369 
    Adjusted Petroleum EBITDA*$147  $43  $273  $158 

    ______________________________
          * See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

    (1) Direct operating expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization, which amounts are presented separately below direct operating expenses. Selling, general and administrative expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization, which amounts are presented separately below selling, general and administrative expenses.

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (dollars per barrel)
    Petroleum Segment Key Operating Statistics:       
    Per total throughput barrel:       
    Gross profit$7.29  $0.60  $7.05  $2.43 
    Refining margin*13.71  6.45  13.93  8.64 
    FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable(1.10) 0.76  (1.15) 0.39 
    Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact*12.61  7.21  12.78  9.03 
    Direct operating expenses and major turnaround expenses4.76  4.27  5.10  4.62 
    Direct operating expenses excluding major turnaround expenses4.76  4.13  5.10  4.23 

    ______________________________
          * See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
    Market Indicators (dollars per barrel):       
    West Texas Intermediate (WTI) NYMEX$67.91  $48.15  $65.46  $49.95 
    Crude Oil Differentials:       
    WTI less WTS (light/medium sour)8.50  1.06  5.05  1.24 
    WTI less WCS (heavy sour)18.02  10.00  21.81  11.88 
    WTI less condensate0.46  0.15  0.42  0.12 
    Midland Cushing Differential8.12  0.83  4.34  0.41 
    NYMEX Crack Spreads:       
    Gasoline20.63  18.07  18.06  16.39 
    Heating Oil22.22  15.11  21.36  15.32 
    NYMEX 2-1-1 Crack Spread21.43  16.59  19.71  15.85 
    PADD II Group 3 Basis:       
    Gasoline(4.44) (3.95) (3.19) (2.96)
    Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel(0.05) (0.62) (0.33) (1.10)
    PADD II Group 3 Product Crack Spread:       
    Gasoline16.19  14.12  14.87  13.42 
    Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel22.17  14.49  21.03  14.23 
    PADD II Group 3 2-1-119.18  14.30  17.95  13.82 
                


        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
    Petroleum Segment Summary  %   %   %   %
     Refining Throughput and Production Data (bpd):               
    Throughput:               
    Condensate9,127  4.2  1,258  0.6  15,560  7.7  4,363  1.9 
    Sweet190,595  88.0  200,812  90.4  172,969  85.4  195,610  86.9 
    Sour               
    Heavy sour6,249  2.9  11,771  5.3  3,385  1.7  14,130  6.3 
    Total crude oil throughput205,971  95.1  213,841  96.3  191,914  94.8  214,103  95.1 
    All other feedstocks and blendstocks10,694  4.9  8,113  3.7  10,681  5.2  11,161  4.9 
    Total throughput216,665  100.0  221,954  100.0  202,595  100.0  225,264  100.0 
    Production:               
    Gasoline106,431  49.1  112,284  50.4  99,279  49.0  115,600  51.2 
    Distillate94,784  43.7  96,578  43.4  86,870  42.9  93,260  41.3 
    Other (excluding internally produced fuel)15,609  7.2  13,775  6.2  16,495  8.1  17,019  7.5 
    Total refining production (excluding internally produced fuel)216,824  100.0  222,637  100.0  202,644  100.0  225,879  100.0 
                            


        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
       %   %   %   %
    Coffeyville Refinery Throughput and Production Data (bpd):               
    Throughput:               
    Condensate1,547  1.1  1,258  0.9  9,586  8.0  4,363  3.1 
    Sweet120,975  89.3  120,790  86.4  100,863  84.2  113,804  80.9 
    Sour               
    Heavy sour6,249  4.6  11,771  8.4  3,385  2.8  14,130  10.0 
    Total crude oil throughput128,771  95.0  133,819  95.7  113,834  95.0  132,297  94.0 
    All other feedstocks and blendstocks6,671  5.0  6,077  4.3  6,022  5.0  8,482  6.0 
    Total throughput135,442  100.0  139,896  100.0  119,856  100.0  140,779  100.0 
    Production:               
    Gasoline66,577  48.6  70,032  49.3  57,565  47.5  72,271  50.5 
    Distillate59,797  43.7  59,703  42.1  52,064  42.9  59,573  41.6 
    Other (excluding internally produced fuel)10,500  7.7  12,146  8.6  11,657  9.6  11,246  7.9 
    Total refining production (excluding internally produced fuel)136,874  100.0  141,881  100.0  121,286  100.0  143,090  100.0 
                            


        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
       %   %   %   %
    Wynnewood Refinery Throughput and Production Data (bpd):               
    Throughput:               
    Condensate7,580  9.3      5,974  7.2     
    Sweet69,620  85.7  80,022  97.5  72,106  87.1  81,806  96.8 
    Sour               
    Heavy sour               
    Total crude oil throughput77,200  95.0  80,022  97.5  78,080  94.3  81,806  96.8 
    All other feedstocks and blendstocks4,023  5.0  2,036  2.5  4,659  5.7  2,679  3.2 
    Total throughput81,223  100.0  82,058  100.0  82,739  100.0  84,485  100.0 
    Production:               
    Gasoline39,854  49.8  42,252  52.3  41,714  51.3  43,329  52.3 
    Distillate34,987  43.8  36,875  45.7  34,806  42.8  33,687  40.7 
    Other (excluding internally produced fuel)5,109  6.4  1,629  2.0  4,838  5.9  5,773  7.0 
    Total refining production (excluding internally produced fuel)79,950  100.0  80,756  100.0  81,358  100.0  82,789  100.0 
                            

    Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Operating Data

    The following tables set forth information about the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment operated by CVR Partners, of which we own approximately 34% of the common units as of June 30, 2018 and serve as the general partner. Reconciliations of certain non-GAAP financial measures are provided under “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below. Additional discussion of operating results for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are included in CVR Partners’ press release dated July 25, 2018.

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Business Financial Results:       
    Net sales$93  $98  $173  $183 
    Cost of materials and other19  22  42  44 
    Direct operating expenses(1)47  38  86  74 
    Depreciation and amortization20  20  37  35 
    Cost of sales86  80  165  153 
    Selling, general and administrative expenses7  6  12  12 
    Loss on asset disposals   0    
    Operating income (loss)  12  (4) 18 
    Interest expense, net(16) (16) (32) (32)
    Other income, net       
    Net loss$(16) $(4) $(36) $(14)
            
    Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA*$26  $32  $39  $53 
                    

    ___________________________________

          * See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

    (1) Direct operating expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization, which amounts are presented separately below direct operating expenses.

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
    Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Key Operating Statistics:       
            
    Consolidated sales (thousand tons):       
    Ammonia81.6  74.6  117.6  136.5 
    UAN269.6  330.9  615.0  652.5 
            
    Consolidated product pricing at gate (dollars per ton) (1):       
    Ammonia$348  $333  $340  $322 
    UAN$191  $174  $169  $167 
            
    Consolidated production volume (thousand tons):       
    Ammonia (gross produced) (2)173.7  215.3  372.8  434.5 
    Ammonia (net available for sale) (2)65.5  77.5  124.4  157.5 
    UAN240.9  313.8  580.2  655.7 
            
    Feedstock:       
    Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons)89.8  124.0  208.0  256.6 
    Petroleum coke used in production (dollars per ton)$25  $21  $21  $17 
    Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtus)(3)1,964.1  2,134.0  3,814.4  4,225.3 
    Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu)(3)$2.78  $3.18  $3.00  $3.29 
    Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtus)(3)2,571.4  2,487.4  3,829.1  3,963.4 
    Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu)(3)$2.84  $3.24  $3.05  $3.37 
            
    Coffeyville Facility on-stream factor (4):       
    Gasification72.8% 98.8% 86.3% 98.8%
    Ammonia70.2% 98.2% 84.9% 98.3%
    UAN67.0% 87.3% 83.0% 92.0%
            
    East Dubuque Facility on-stream factors (4):       
    Ammonia93.3% 100.0% 90.0% 99.8%
    UAN93.6% 99.4% 90.3% 98.8%
            
    Market Indicators:       
    Ammonia — Southern Plains (dollars per ton)$343  $316  $362  $352 
    Ammonia — Corn belt (dollars per ton)$396  $365  $412  $395 
    UAN — Corn belt (dollars per ton)$211  $196  $211  $205 
    Natural gas NYMEX (dollars per MMBtu)$2.83  $3.14  $2.84  $3.10 
                    

    _________________________________

    1. Product pricing at gate represents net sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure that is comparable across the fertilizer industry.
       
    2. Gross tons produced for ammonia represent total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent the ammonia available for sale that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products.
       
    3. The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in direct operating expense (exclusive of depreciation and amortization).
       
    4. On-stream factor is the total number of hours operated divided by the total number of hours in the reporting period and is included as a measure of operating efficiency.

    Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

    To supplement our actual results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for the applicable periods, we also use the non-GAAP financial measures noted above, which are reconciled to our GAAP-based results below. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered an alternative for GAAP results. The adjustments are provided to enhance an overall understanding of our financial performance for the applicable periods and are indicators management believes are relevant and useful for planning and forecasting future periods.

    Performance and Liquidity Measures

    We use the following performance and liquidity measures:

    EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. EBITDA represents net income (loss) attributable to CVR Energy stockholders before consolidated (i) interest expense and other financing costs, net of interest income; (ii) income tax expense (benefit); and (iii) depreciation and amortization, less the portion of these adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interest. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted for consolidated (i) FIFO impact (favorable) unfavorable; (ii) major turnaround expenses (that many of our competitors capitalize and thereby exclude from their measures of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA); (iii) (gain) loss on derivatives, net; and (iv) current period settlements on derivative contracts. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not recognized terms under GAAP and should not be substituted for net income (loss) or cash flow from operations. We believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA enable investors to better understand and evaluate our ongoing operating results and allow for greater transparency in reviewing our overall financial, operational and economic performance. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA presented by other companies may not be comparable to our presentation, since each company may define these terms differently. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA represent EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA that is attributable to CVR Energy stockholders.

    Adjusted net income (loss) is not a recognized term under GAAP and should not be substituted for net income (loss) as a measure of our performance, but rather should be utilized as a supplemental measure of financial performance in evaluating our business. Management believes that adjusted net income (loss) provides relevant and useful information that enables external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies, to better understand and evaluate our ongoing operating results and allow for greater transparency in the review of our overall financial, operational and economic performance. Adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share represents adjusted net income (loss) divided by the weighted-average diluted shares outstanding. Adjusted net income (loss) represents net income (loss), as adjusted, that is attributable to CVR Energy stockholders.

    Petroleum EBITDA.  EBITDA is a performance measure representing net income (loss) before (i) interest expense and other financing costs, net of interest income, (ii) income tax expense and (iii) depreciation and amortization.

    Petroleum Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is a performance measure representing EBITDA adjusted for (i) (favorable) unfavorable FIFO impacts associated with our crude oil and refined product inventories, (ii) major turnaround expenses (that many of our competitors capitalize and thereby exclude from their measures of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA), (iii) (gain) loss on derivatives, net and (iv) current period settlements on derivative contracts. Adjusted EBITDA represents the starting point for determining available cash for distribution. Refer to discussion below for the Refining margin, adjusted for FIFO impact non-GAAP measure for discussion of why management adjusted for the FIFO impact of our inventories. We exclude major turnaround expenses because these amounts are required expenditures for our refineries, are not closely related to current period operations, and many of our peer companies capitalize these amounts thereby excluding these amounts from their EBITDA-related measures. For derivatives, we adjust EBITDA to exclude the unrealized or non-cash portion of our derivative gain or loss from our results in order to arrive at our starting point for available cash for distribution.

    Nitrogen EBITDA. Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA represents nitrogen fertilizer net loss adjusted for (i) interest (income) expense; (ii) income tax expense; and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense. Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA represents Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA adjusted for (i) major turnaround expenses, when applicable; (ii) gain or loss on extinguishment of debt; and (iii) business interruption insurance recovery, when applicable. We present Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA because we have found it helpful to consider an operating measure that excludes expenses, such as major turnaround expense, gain or loss on extinguishment of debt, and business interruption insurance recovery, relating to transactions not reflective of CVR Partner's core operations.

    Refining margin. This performance measure represents the difference between net sales and cost of materials and other as reported on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

    Refining margin, adjusted for FIFO impact. This performance measure represents our refining margin adjusted to exclude the impact of price changes in our crude oil and refined products inventories. Under our FIFO accounting method for crude oil and refined products, changes in crude oil prices can cause fluctuations in the inventory valuation of our raw material, work in process and finished good inventories, thereby resulting in a favorable FIFO impact when crude oil prices increase and an unfavorable FIFO impact when crude oil prices decrease. In periods of significant price volatility, these price changes have a significant impact on the valuation on our inventories and thus our results.

    Available cash for distribution. This performance and liquidity measure is equal to Adjusted EBITDA reduced for cash needed for (i) debt service, (ii) reserves for environmental and maintenance capital expenditures, (iii) reserves for major turnaround expenses and, to the extent applicable, (iv) reserves for future operating or capital needs that the board of directors of our general partner deems necessary or appropriate, if any. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the board of directors of our general partner.

    Operating Metrics

    During the second quarter of 2018, we changed the metrics discussed below from a crude oil throughput barrel basis to a total throughput barrel basis. Prior period information has been revised to conform to current presentation.

    Refining margin and refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact per total throughput barrel. For both refining margin and refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact, we present these measures on a per total throughput barrel basis. In order to calculate these non-GAAP operating metrics, we utilize the total dollar figures for refining margin and refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact, as derived above and divide by the applicable number of total throughput barrels for the period.

    Direct operating expenses, excluding major turnaround expenses, per total throughput barrel. We provide this performance measure to exclude major turnaround expenses from the reported amounts of direct operating expense during a given period. Major turnaround expenses are not directly correlated to our current period operations and thus excluding them provides investors and analysts with the current period cost, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, we incur to convert a barrel of crude oil into refined product.

    We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including but not limited to our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded companies in the refining industry, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures

    A reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to CVR Energy stockholders to EBITDA and EBITDA to Adjusted EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Net income (loss) attributable to CVR Energy stockholders$51  $(11) $117  $12 
    Add:       
    Interest expense, net27  27  53  54 
    Income tax expense (benefit)17  (7) 38  8 
    Depreciation and amortization55  54  108  105 
    Adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interest(39) (37) (76) (74)
    EBITDA111  26  240  105 
    Add:       
    FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable(22) 15  (42) 16 
    Major turnaround expenses6  3  6  16 
    Gain on derivatives, net(10)   (70) (12)
    Current period settlement on derivative contracts (1)17    31  1 
    Adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interest1  (6) 24  (8)
    Adjusted EBITDA$103  $38  $189  $118 
                    


     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions, except per share data)
    Reconciliation of Income (Loss) before income tax expense to Adjusted Net Income (Loss):       
    Income (loss) before income tax expense$96  $(26) $221  $27 
    Adjustments:       
    FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable(22) 15  (42) 16 
    Major turnaround expenses6  3  6  16 
    Gain on derivatives, net(10)   (70) (12)
    Current period settlement on derivative contracts (1)17    31  1 
    Adjusted net income (loss) before income tax expense and noncontrolling interest87  (8) 146  48 
    Adjusted net (income) loss attributed to noncontrolling interest(27) 3  (43) (14)
    Income tax benefit (expense), as adjusted(15) 2  (24) (14)
    Adjusted net income (loss)$45  $(3) $79  $20 
            
    Adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share$0.52  $(0.04) $0.91  $0.23 
                    

    We have changed our metrics in the second quarter of 2018 from a crude oil throughput barrel basis to a total throughput barrel basis, and we have revised the historical information for the corresponding period of the prior fiscal year from to reflect this change in metrics.

     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Petroleum Segment:       
    Petroleum net income (loss)$118  $(19) $265  $48 
    Add:       
    Interest expense, net11  12  22  23 
    Depreciation and amortization33  32  67  66 
    Petroleum EBITDA162  25  354  137 
    Add:       
    FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable(22) 15  (42) 16 
    Major turnaround expenses  3    16 
    Gain on derivatives, net(10)   (70) (12)
    Current period settlements on derivative contracts (1)17  0  31  1 
    Adjusted Petroleum EBITDA$147  $43  $273  $158 
                    


     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Net sales$1,824  $1,338  $3,282  $2,762 
    Operating costs and expenses:       
    Cost of materials and other1,553  1,208  2,771  2,409 
    Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below)94  86  187  188 
    Depreciation and amortization32  31  65  65 
    Gross profit145  13  259  100 
    Add:       
    Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below)94  86  187  188 
    Depreciation and amortization32  31  65  65 
    Refining margin271  130  511  353 
    FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable(22) 15  (42) 16 
    Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact$249  $145  $469  $369 
                    


            
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
    Total throughput barrels per day216,665  221,954  202,595  225,264 
    Days in the period91  91  181  181 
    Total throughput barrels19,716,515  20,197,814  36,669,695  40,772,784 
                


     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions, except for $ per barrel data)
    Refining margin$271  $130  $511  $353 
    Divided by: total throughput barrels20  20  37  41 
    Refining margin per total throughput barrel$13.71  $6.45  $13.93  $8.64 
                    


     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions, except for $ per barrel data)
    Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact$249  $145  $469  $369 
    Divided by: total throughput barrels20  20  37  41 
    Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact per total throughput barrel$12.61  $7.21  $12.78  $9.03 
                    


     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions, except for $ per barrel data)
    Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)$94  $86  $187  $188 
    Major turnaround expenses  3    16 
    Direct operating expenses (1)94  83  187  172 
    Divided by: total throughput barrels20  20  37  41 
    Direct operating expenses, excluding major turnaround expenses, per total throughput barrel$4.76  $4.18  $5.10  $4.23 
                    

    ___________________________

    (1) Direct operating expenses are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization and major turnaround expenses.

    A reconciliation of net income (loss) to EBITDA and EBITDA to Adjusted EBITDA for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

        
     Three Months Ended
     June 30,
     Six Months Ended
     June 30,
     2018 2017 2018 2017
     (in millions)
    Nitrogen Fertilizer:       
    Nitrogen fertilizer net loss$(16) $(4) $(36) $(14)
    Add:       
    Interest expense, net16  16  32  32 
    Depreciation and amortization20  20  37  35 
    Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA20  32  33  53 
    Add:       
    Major turnaround expenses6    6   
    Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA$26  $32  $39  $53 
                    

    ___________________________________________________

    (1) Represents the portion of gain on derivatives, net related to contracts that matured during the respective periods and settled with counterparties. There are no premiums paid or received at inception of the derivative contracts and upon settlement, there is no cost recovery associated with these contracts.

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