Poland's economic downturn to continue through 2017
Source: FxWire Pro - Insights & Views / 02 Dec 2016 07:42:50 Eastern Standard Time
Poland's real economy disappoints significantly in 2016 and the downturn is likely to continue through 2017. Slump in private investment and weaker-than-expected household consumption are seen to be the main drivers behind the anaemic growth. In contradiction, policymakers claim that the pause in EU funds is the main reason for slowdown.
Poland's economic growth forecasts for 2016 were revised lower this week. Finance Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said the economy could grow by 2.5-3 percent this year, cutting a previous forecast of 3.4 percent.
"Latest data support our sub-consensus 2.4 percent growth forecast for 2016 and 2.7 percent for 2017. There is upside risk to our forecasts only in a scenario where the ECB manages to turn around the euro zone manufacturing cycle powerfully over the coming quarters" said Commerzbank in a report.
Poland's political risk perception remains fragile. The new PiS government holds a skeptical stance towards the EU and Russia and has signalled disinterest in adopting the euro. The rule of law probe has triggered a credit rating downgrade by S&P. There is also a looming risk of imposition of sanctions in worst case which could suspend Poland’s rights and privileges within EU or freeze EU funding.
Exports are no longer adding to growth and the helpful effect of falling energy prices have now run their course. Greater EU fund inflow is also likely to add only a mild pick-up in momentum in coming quarters. Deflation is likely to gradually fade in coming months, but is expected to remain well short of the central bank target through 2018. Below target inflation and disappointing growth is likely to keep National Bank of Poland (NBP) on an accommodative monetary stance.
"Direct rate cuts unlikely as a result of our less dovish view of the ECB. Rather, we think that a continued dovish stance from NBP, including perhaps Hungary-style QE policies, combined with a EM-negative environment globally will mean a weaker exchange rate – NBP will simply allow the FX channel to provide the additional stimulus," adds Commerzbank.
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